Introduction to Single Zero Roulette

Roulette School

Single zero roulette is one of the oldest casino games still played today, and the most popular roulette variant in European casinos which is also offered in many casinos around the world and in most online casinos.

The single zero roulette is also known as European roulette. It is the most favorable type of roulette from the point of view of the player as it has a lower house edge than the double zero roulette.

Single Zero Roulette History

No one knows exactly when and by whom the single zero roulette was invented. Some believe it is an amalgamation of several board and wheel games that were popular in Europe in the 17th century. At that time the English enjoyed wheel games such as Ace of Hearts, Reiner and E.O., while the Italians had popular board games such as Biribi and Hoca.

Others believe the game was invented by mistake by French mathematician Blaise Pascal while he was trying to invent a perpetual motion device. The game was originally played in France using a wheel with zero and double zero.

About a century and a half later brothers Louis and Francois Blanc offered a roulette game with a single zero as they were trying to draw punters to the game by offering better odds.

The better odds offered to players is the reason so many of them love single zero roulette and why its popularity spread across Europe. However American casino operators did not take kindly to the single zero roulette and offered only double zero roulette (a game that went through several incarnations in the US but eventually settled on the double zero roulette commonly played today).

What is Single Zero Roulette

A roulette game is played using a roulette wheel with 37 numbered slots, with the numbers 1 to 36 and a single zero. It differs from American roulette that is played on a roulette wheel with 0, 00 and numbers ranging from 1 to 36.

Game Objective

To correctly predict on which numbered slot the roulette ball will land on. Making wagers on the right outcome awards the player a payout based on the type of bet and the amount of the bet they made.

How to Play

Roulette is not played using regular casino chips so players need to exchange their cash or regular casino chips with the croupier at the roulette table they are about to play. Each player is given different colored chips so that the croupier does not confuse different players’ bets.

Players place bets on the roulette table in the box that is designated for the type of bet they wish to make. The croupier spins the roulette wheel and drops the roulette ball onto it, but before the ball is dropped the croupier will announce “no more bets”. From this point on no player is allowed to add, change or remove their bets.

Once the roulette ball lands on a specific numbered slot, the croupier announces the winning number and places the dolly (a special plastic or wooden marker) within the area box of the winning bet. The losing bets are collected by the croupier and the winners are paid.

European roulette sometimes offers a special rule that makes the game even more favorable to the player. The rule is called ‘En Prison’ and it allows the player to “imprison” their even-money bet (red/black, high/low or even/odd) and use it in the next spin when the current spin landed on zero.

Single Zero Roulette Bets

A wide selection of bets is offered to players. Each bet has its own odds and payout. The bets can be divided into two main categories:

Inside bets – bets that offer high payouts but have a low probability of occurring. The bets are made on a single number or small groups of numbers. It is wise to stay away from inside bets due to low odds for winning.

Outside bets – bets that offer lower payouts but have a higher probability of occurring. The bets are made on large groups of numbers such as red/black, even/odd, high/low and whole columns. These bets are much more favorable to the player due to the higher odds of winning. Players are advised to opt for these bets over inside bets.

Play Online

You will be able to find single zero roulette in all online casinos that offer their services to European players. Many Asian online casinos also offer the game.

When playing online there is no need to get special roulette chips. All players need to do is click on single zero roulette or European roulette, select their bets and click spin.

Live Dealer Games

In recent years there is a growing trend of offering online casino games that are played on real casino table and controlled by real croupiers located in casino studios. The games are streamed live to the players’ computers. Players are able to interact with other players and the dealer and follow closely every step of the game.

Most of the online casinos that offer live dealer games have single zero roulette. In fact it is the most common of all the live dealer games currently offered.

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