Types of Roulette

Roulette School

The game of roulette has enchanted casino players for centuries. It is an exciting game of chance that rewards smart gamblers that take calculated risks and make wise strategic bets. It also always draws a crowd of curious spectators always gathers around the roulette table when the game is played in land-based casinos.

Due to the global popularity of roulette it is offered in all casinos and online casinos, however over the centuries different roulette variations have developed in different types of the world. In addition the last fifteen years brought with them a flood of online casinos that have introduced more roulette variations, so it is no wonder that many players are confused as to how to play which type of roulette.

We are here to demystify the complicated and rich world of roulette variations and provide updated information as to their rules, odds of winning and unique features. Below is a short review of the three most popular roulette games, however there are many other roulette variations and we have included on our site a separate article for each one.

European Roulette

Played on a wide-table layout and the numbers on the roulette wheel itself are divided into black numbers and red numbers. Zero is always marked as green, odd numbers in ranges 1 to 10 and 19 to 28 and even numbers in ranges 11 to 18 and 29 to 36 are marked in red, and even numbers in ranges 1 to 10 and 19 to 28 and odd numbers in ranges 11 to 18 and 29 to 36 are marked in black. Many people confuse French and European roulette as both use a single zero wheel. The house edge on single number bets is 2.70%.

French Roulette

The original roulette game originating from 17th century France. The game was originally played with 36 numbers ranging from 1 to 36. In the 18th century a zero was added making the count of numbers used rise from 36 to 37 numbers ranging from 0 to 36. Unlike European roulette it has two unique rules ‘En Prison’ that allows a player making an even-money bet on red/black to take back half their bet or leave their bet on for another spin when the ball lands on zero, and the ‘La Partage’ rule that allows players to get half their money back on even-money bets when the ball lands on zero. The house edge is 2.70% for single number bets but it drops to 1.35% when the ‘La Partage’ and ‘En Prison’ rules are available.

American Roulette

The roulette game arrived in America towards the end of the 18th century and had many incarnations until the Americans settled on the American roulette version that has been played since the 19th century. It uses a double zero pocket on the roulette wheel in addition to the single zero thus increasing the range of numbers used to 38 numbers that include 0, 00 and numbers 1 to 36. The order of the numbers on the American roulette wheel is completely different than the one used in European roulette but the table layout is the same with the addition of a double zero. The house edge on single number bets is 5.26%.

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